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Gum Disease Therapy By Toronto’s Dental Expert Dr. Aksana Tkachenko
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What are the symptoms?
Gum Disease Therapy Toronto’s Expert Dr. Aksana Tkachenko
Rather than the tooth itself, periodontal disease, or simply gum disease, affects the area surrounding the tooth and its roots. In other words, periodontal disease will affect both the gum and the underlying bone structure that helps to hold your teeth in place.
Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that builds upon the surface of your teeth. This is a natural occurrence that happens when your saliva breaks down the foods that you eat.
Over time, plaque can start to build up into tartar, or calculus, and if left untreated, it can start to cause irreversible damage to your gums, as well as the underlying bone structure.
Typically, the symptoms of gum disease include red, puffy, swollen gums, that bleed easily when you brush or floss.
However, in its earliest stages, periodontal disease is virtually painless, which means that most people aren’t even aware that they’re suffering from it.
In fact, roughly 80% of all people have periodontal disease, but aren’t aware of it!
Beyond causing your gums to bleed, periodontal disease is actually the leading cause of tooth loss.
It has also been linked to many other serious conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, bacterial pneumonia, and even an increased risk of harm to the fetus during pregnancy.
The use of tobacco products is another leading cause of periodontal disease.
With that said, a healthy lifestyle can be one of the most effective tools against periodontal disease, tooth loss, and many other related conditions.
This includes brushing and flossing every day and visiting your dentist for regular checkups.
Contact our Toronto dentistry office to schedule a FREE consultation.
While following a good oral hygiene routine is essential to proper gum health, the only real way to know if you have gum disease is by seeing your hygienist for a periodontal examination, which is performed during your regular dental checks.
During a periodontal exam, your hygienist will probe your gum with an exam tool, which is done to measure the small space between your teeth and the gum line.
This pocket of empty space is known as a sulcus.
A healthy sulcus should measure no more than a few millimetres in-depth, and shouldn’t show any signs of bleeding when probed.
Deeper pockets typically indicate gingivitis, which is a mild inflammation of the gum line and is the earliest stage of periodontal disease.
There are three stages of periodontal disease.
- Gingivitis At the first stage of periodontal disease, the gums will be mildly irritated, tender, and they’ll bleed easily when probed. Fortunately, this stage of gum disease can be reversed by brushing and flossing, as well as a process is known as dental scaling, which is performed during a deep cleaning.
- Periodontitis When plaque is allowed to linger for too long on the surface of your teeth, it will eventually harden to form a substance called calculus, or tartar. As calculus continues to grow, the pockets between your teeth and gums will also grow deeper, which will promote the growth of harmful bacteria. Periodontitis leads to highly inflamed gums that bleed often when brushing or flossing and may include moderate bone loss.
- Advanced Periodontitis Over time, if periodontitis isn’t treated, it will begin to cause irreversible damage to the gums and underlying bone tissue. The bacteria trapped in the pockets between teeth will eventually cause teeth to become loose and fall out. It’s important to catch gum disease before it has a chance to progress!
The only way to treat periodontal disease is by seeing your dentist or hygienist for regular dental examinations. During your regular check-ups, they will evaluate the health of your gums and will inform you of the best course of treatment if applicable.
This is precisely why it’s crucial to see your dentist before it’s too late!
To avoid the progression of gingivitis into more serious conditions, gum disease needs to be treated as early as possible by dental scaling, which works to remove any caked-on plaque and tartar from the surface of your teeth.
These deep cleanings can be performed on individual sections of the mouth to clean above and below the gums (scaling), as well as smoothing out any irritation on the root surfaces on the teeth, known as planning.
Deep cleanings may leave your gums tender, however, the gum tissue and sulcus pockets will gradually heal over time.
For those with more severe instances of periodontal disease, a 3 month or more treatment plan may be prescribed. In some cases, medications such as antibiotics or medicated oral rinses may also be prescribed by your dentist.
In very severe cases, oral surgery may be required if scaling and planning do not improve the condition. You may also be referred to see a periodontist, who specializes in the treatment of the more advanced stages of the disease.
After about 24 hours, plaque will start to turn into calculus on the surface of your teeth.
This is exactly why following a good oral health regimen is essential to keeping both your teeth and gums healthy. This includes brushing at least twice per day, flossing, and rinsing to control plaque and the formation of calculus.
During your regular visits to your dentist, they will check the health of your gums. If there are no signs of gingivitis, they will simply clean and polish your teeth to remove any tartar that may be starting to build up.
During a checkup, your appointment may also include x-rays, which are used to look for the early signs of tooth decay and bone loss. At the same time, your dentist will also check on any existing restoration work that you may have had done in the past.
In turn, they’ll be able to recommend the best course of treatment for you, which will typically include advising you on the best way to care for your teeth at home.
In the end, they’ll polish your teeth to remove any stains, and then you’ll be free to go on your way with a happy, healthy smile!
- Examination of diagnostic x-rays (radiographs): Used for detection of tooth decay, tumours, cysts, tooth positions, root position, and bone loss.
- Examination of existing restorations: Check current fillings, crowns, etc.
- Examination of tooth decay: Examine tooth decay by checking all the tooth surfaces.
- Oral hygiene recommendations: Review and recommend oral hygiene aids as needed. (Electric toothbrushes, special periodontal brushes, fluorides, rinses, etc.)
- Teeth polishing: Remove plaque and stains that are not usually removed during brushing and flossing
Healthy oral hygiene with a balanced diet and periodontal cleanings are recommended to keep the periodontal disease under control.
Why Choose CHROMA DENTAL™?
As one of the North York leading dentistries, Chroma Dental’s primary goal and vision is to serve our patients with the best dental care currently available in Toronto.
Not only does this mean that we strive to offer a pleasant experience to each patient, but we are also committed to treating them using cutting edge tools and techniques, as well as educating them on the best ways to care for their teeth.
In other words, we strive to make every visit to our office as safe, comfortable, and enjoyable as possible.
A Team You Can Count On
This is precisely why Dr. Aksana Tkachenko's team is highly skilled and dedicated to you, our valued patient, at all times.
From our friendly, professional dentists, hygienists, assistants, and the rest of our staff, everyone in our practice is committed to their role in providing you with an extremely enjoyable experience when you come in for a visit.
We take care of our team, so they can work tirelessly to make Chroma Dental the go-to dental clinic in the region when it comes to friendly, professional oral care.